1906 VERY SCARCE NORTHERN TERRITORY OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA NORTH-WESTERN DISTRICT. REPORTS (GEOLOGICAL & GENERAL) FROM THE EXPLORATIONS MADE BY THE GOVERNMENT GEOLOGIST (H.Y.L.BROWN WHO PERSONALLY OWNED THIS COPY) & STAFF DURING 1905 A100.
We offer for your consideration an original very scarce book, owned by the Government Geologist, H.Y.L.Brown, is a vey detailed & most illuminating report & travelitineraryof the SA Government geological expedition to the Kimberley & remote North in 1905. Has included most interesting notes on fossils collected during this expedition (prepared for publication by Robert Etheridge, Curator of the Australian Museum in Sydney); & a chapter titled “Primitive Methods of Chinese Mining”. The report also describes the early days of mining in the N.T, from 1869 onwards, including a portrait of pioneer prospector Henry Roberts. Of great interest are the 5 folding maps including a fabulous large folding chromolithographic map of thegeologicalzones of the Kimberley area, prepared by A.Vaughan. at the Adelaide Surveyor General’s office. Also included is a cross section of the Iron Blow gold mine at Yam Creek, & the Mt. Eliston copper mine.The journal & their itinerary are most interesting showing photographs of various “out of the way” places, landmarks/settlements etc &of course the local Aboriginal indigenous tribes.Copies of this scarce publication when they come onto the collectors’ market usually fetch in the $1,000 + range.Brown, Henry Yorke Lyell (1843–1928)byP. R. G. DunlopThis article was published inAustralian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 7, (MUP), 1979Henry Yorke Lyell Brown (1843-1928), geologist, was born on 23 August 1843 at Sydney Mines, Nova Scotia (Canada), son of Richard Brown, geologist, and his wife Sibella, née Barrington. He was educated at King’s College, Windsor, Nova Scotia, and matriculated in 1862. He then studied underT. H. Huxleyand John Tyndall at the Royal School of Mines, London, in 1863-64. In 1865-69 he worked on the Geological Survey of Victoria underA. R. C. Selwyn.Brown was government geologist in Western Australia in 1870-72. He discovered the Weld Range, drilled the first artesian bore near Perth, and forecast accurately that the colony’s mineral resources would eventually become a main source of its advance. In 1872 he worked in private mining in Victoria and New Zealand and two years later rejoined Selwyn in Canada. Finding the climate too severe, he returned to Australia to work for the New South Wales government in 1881-82.In December 1882 Brown became, at twice his previous salary, government geologist of South Australia. He made the first recorded observations of much of the hot, arid interior, often travelling alone but for an ‘Afghan’ camel-driver or Aboriginal guide, under harsh conditions. In 1883 he journeyed to the far north-eastern corner of the colony and in 1885 to Silverton and from Port Augusta to Eucla and back. He went to the Musgrave Ranges in 1889, and through the Lake Eyre region in 1892. His longest journey was made through the Northern Territory from north to south in 1894. He explored the MacDonnell Ranges in 1888, 1890 and 1896 and the country to the north of the Nullarbor Plain in 1897, and in 1905 journeyed to Charlotte Waters and to the north-west of the Northern Territory. In 1907 he went from Van Diemen Gulf to the McArthur River. On Brown’s last major trip in 1909 he assessed the Tanami goldfield. His written reports of these explorations were minimal; mostly he recorded the results on maps. He had achieved a major objective with the production of a geological map of the whole colony in 1899. At this time Brown was described by theCriticas ‘noted for his Bohemian habits and dry humour’.In 1887 and 1890 Brown had published records of the mines of South Australia to draw attention to mineral resources and to the unsystematic way in which they were worked. He criticized the licence laws as unfair to genuine prospectors and called for a school of mines. He always worded his reports on sensational ‘discoveries’ carefully so that ‘rarely was it possible to … exaggerate a good impression into a glowing opinion’. In controversy he was restrained and polite.In 1911 Brown resigned, took six months leave and married a New Zealander, Hannah M. Thompson. He continued to act as an honorary consultant to the Department of Mines in Adelaide until his death. This lithe ‘little brown man with a hammer in his hand’ had stimulated gold-mining and the copper industry in the State, charted the limits of artesian water in central Australia and discovered natural outlets for the disposal of flood waters in the south-east. At his death in Adelaide on 22 January 1928 it was said that ‘he knew every mineral belt from Darwin to Mt. Gambier’. He was survived by his wife and only daughter.Select BibliographyE. W. Skeats,Some Founders of Australian Geology(Syd, 1934)Public Service Review(South Australia), Jan 1912, Royal Society of South Australia,Transactions, 52 (1928)E. C. Andrews, ‘The heroic period of geological work in Australia’, Royal Society of New South Wales,Proceedings, 76 (1942), no 2Advertiser(Adelaide), andRegister(Adelaide), 24 Jan 1928.Citation detailsP. R. G. Dunlop, ‘Brown, Henry Yorke Lyell (1843–1928)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/brown-henry-yorke-lyell-5385/text9115, published first in hardcopy 1979, accessed online 3 February 2017.This article was first published in hardcopy inAustralian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 7, (MUP), 1979Henry Yorke Lyell Brown(1843-1928), by S. SolomonState Library of South Australia, SLSA: B 7102Life Summary[details]Birth23 August 1843
Report is 21.0 cms in width x 33.0 cms in height. Weight is 558 grams.